linux wine 32 & 64

主要内容

wine在linux中很常用,目前是32位和64位的软件都有;在此讨论在64位centos 7中安装32位和64位的wine。
还有wine的中文环境下一些乱码问题。

更新历史
2017-09-26 增加 同时 wine 32和64 的应用

安装

删除已有版本

yum erase wine wine-*
#zsh中yum erase wine "wine-*"

编译环境

yum install samba-winbind-clients -y
yum groupinstall 'Development Tools' -y
yum install libjpeg-turbo-devel libtiff-devel freetype-devel -y
yum install libgcc.i686 libX11-devel.i686 freetype-devel.i686 gnutls-devel.i686 libxml2-devel.i686 libjpeg-turbo-devel.i686 libpng-devel.i686 libXrender-devel.i686 glibc-devel.i686 glibc-devel ibstdc++-devel.i686  -y 

参考

下载wine源码

ver=1.9.21
cd /usr/src
wget http://dl.winehq.org/wine/source/1.9/wine-${ver}.tar.bz2 -O wine-${ver}.tar.bz2
tar xjf wine-${ver}.tar.bz2
cd wine-${ver}/
mkdir -p wine32 wine64

wine 64 编译安装

cd wine64
../configure --enable-win64
make -j 4
make install

wine 32 编译安装

cd ../wine32
../configure --with-wine64=../wine64
make -j 4
make install

校验

$ file `which wine`
/usr/local/bin/wine: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, Intel 80386, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked (uses shared libs), for GNU/Linux 2.6.32, BuildID[sha1]=a83b9f0916e6c0d5427e2c38a172c93bd8023d98, not stripped
$ file `which wine64`
/usr/local/bin/wine64: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version 1 (SYSV), dynamically linked (uses shared libs), for GNU/Linux 2.6.32, BuildID[sha1]=4d8e8468402bc63bd2a72c59c57fcad332235d41, not stripped

中文字体库

安装字体管理工具

yum install fontconfig mkfontscale

字体库

mkdir -pv /usr/share/fonts/chinese/TrueType

从Windows字体目录C:\Windows\Fonts 拷贝需要的字体库到刚刚建立目录

建立字体缓存

cd /usr/share/fonts/chinese/TrueType
mkfontscale
mkfontdir
fc-cache -fv
fc-list |grep SimSun

中文乱码

参考

wine 32和64 的应用

WINEPREFIX 和 WINEARCH #WINEPREFIX)

WINEPREFIX

通过设置WINEPREFIX环境变量,可以更改Wine系统目录的位置。如果希望让不同的Windows程序使用不同的系统环境或配置,这一变量会非常有用。
比如同时需要wine 32位和64位的程序, 就需要设置32位和64位的Wine系统目录。

1
2
env WINEPREFIX=~/.win-32 wine32 32A程序.exe
env WINEPREFIX=~/.win-64 wine64 64B程序.exe

WINEARCH

对于64位用户,如果使用[multilib]仓库里的Wine,默认创建的系统目录是64位环境的。若想使用纯32位环境,修改WINEARCH 变量win32为即可

1
2
WINEARCH=win32 WINEPREFIX=~/win32 winecfg
WINEPREFIX=~/win64 winecfg